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Heat Stress & Stroke

Updated: Jun 16, 2018

Prevention Methods

Hot weather can be a serious health hazard for people, in particular babies, toddlers, and elderly people, and especially those with certain health conditions. Please take special care of yourself and your animals during heat spells. All too often, people get carried away with outside work and events and forget to take care of themselves. If you begin to feel nauseous, dizzy, or tired (symptoms of heat stress) then you need to get inside, rest, cool yourself off, and drink a few glasses of water. If your symptoms get worse please seek medical treatment.


Prevention is often times more enjoyable than treatment. PMC wants to remind you of some safety tips to prevent heat stress and heat stroke during this prolonged hot weather. According to the National Health Statistics Reports done by the CDC, an average of 618 people die per year associated with exposure to excessive natural heat. Furthermore, according to the report there is a substantial increase of heat-related deaths for persons 75 years of age and over. (Services, 2014)


Prevent yourself and your family from being part of that statistic; heed these safety tips provided from www.ready.gov/heat:


Key Safety Tips

  • Drink plenty of water; even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid drinks with caffeine. Persons who have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; are on fluid-restricted diets; or have a problem with fluid retention should consult a doctor before increasing liquid intake.

  • Never leave children or pets alone in closed vehicles.

  • Check on family, friends, and neighbors who do not have air conditioning and who spend much of their time alone.

  • Check on your animals frequently to ensure that they are not suffering from the heat. Go to a designated public shelter if your home loses power during periods of extreme heat. Stay on the lowest floor out of the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.

  • Check the weather/listen to NOAA Weather Radio for critical updates from the National Weather Service (NWS).

Safety Tips If You Have To Go Outside

  • Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. Use a buddy system when working in extreme heat, and take frequent breaks.

  • Dress in loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible. Avoid dark colors because they absorb the sun’s rays.

  • Protect face and head by wearing sunblock and a wide-brimmed hat.

  • Postpone outdoor games and activities.

  • Stay indoors as much as possible and limit exposure to the sun.


Drink plenty of water; even if you do not feel thirsty. Avoid drinks with caffeine.

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